Counterfeit money detection:
know how

bulagrian flagus-uk-flag

United States ten dollar bill

United States ten dollar bill

+ United States Dollar (US$) General information

Quick links to banknotes:
- 1 US Dollar
- 5 US Dollar
- 10 US Dollar
- 20 US Dollar
- 50 US Dollar
- 100 US Dollar

(banknote with denomination of $2 is very rarely used)

Size: 155.956 x 66.294 mm 
Paper type:
75% cotton
25% linen
(info for older series of US Dollars click here)

United States ten dollar obverse

United States ten dollar reverse

The United States ten dollar bill is a denomination of United States currency. The first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, is currently featured on the obverse of the bill, while the U.S. Treasury is featured on the reverse. (Hamilton is one of two non-presidents featured on currently issued U.S. bills. The other is Benjamin Franklin, on the $100 bill. In addition to this, Hamilton is one of only two persons featured on U.S. currency who was not born in the continental United States, as he was from the West Indies. The other, Kamehameha I, appears on the 2008 Hawaii state quarter.) All 10 dollar bills issued today are Federal Reserve Notes.

The Bureau of Engraving and Printing says the average life of a 10 dollar bill in circulation is 18 months before it is replaced due to wear. Approximately 3.7% of all US banknotes printed in 2017 were $10 bills. Ten dollar bills are delivered by Federal Reserve Banks in yellow straps.

The source of the face on the United States $10 note is John Trumbull’s 1805 portrait of Hamilton that belongs to the portrait collection of New York City Hall. The United States ten dollar bill ($10) is the only U.S. paper currency in circulation in which the portrait faces to the left (the $100,000 bill featured a portrait of Woodrow Wilson facing to the left, but was used only for intra-government transactions).

+Security Features:

Security features can help you to tell if a 10 dollar bill is fake or real.

Color-Shifting Ink

United States ten dollar Color Shifting Ink

Tilt the United States ten dollar bill ($10) to check that the numeral 10 in the lower right-hand corner on the front of the bill changes color from copper to green. The color shift is more dramatic on the redesigned currency, making it even easier for people to check their money.


United States ten dollar Watermark

Hold the note to light to see a faint image of Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton to the right of his large portrait. It can be seen from both sides of the bill. On the redesigned $10 bill, a blank oval has been incorporated into the design to highlight the watermark's location.

Security Thread

United States ten dollar Security Thread

Hold the United States ten dollar bill ($10) to light to make sure there's a small thread embedded in the paper. The words USA TEN and a small flag are visible in tiny print. It runs vertically to the right of the portrait and can be seen from both sides of the bill. This thread glows orange when illuminated by ultraviolet light.

Additional Design and security features

The redesigned currency remains the same size and uses the same, but enhanced portraits and historical images as the older-design bills, and importantly, continues to be recognized around the world as quintessentially American. 

Symbols of Freedom

United States ten dollar Symbols of Freedom

A symbol of freedom representing an icon of Americana has been added to the redesigned 10 dollar bill. Two images of the torch carried by the Statue of Liberty are printed in red on the front of the redesigned bill. A large image of the torch is printed in the background to the left of the portrait of Secretary Hamilton, while a second, smaller metallic red image of the torch can be found on the lower right side of the portrait. The symbols of freedom differ for each denomination.

Updated Portrait and Vignette

United States ten dollar Portrait and Vignette

The oval borders and fine lines surrounding the portrait of Secretary Hamilton on the front, and the United States Treasury Building vignette on the back, have been removed. The portrait has been moved up and shoulders have been extended into the border. Additional engraving details have been added to the vignette background.


The most noticeable difference in the redesigned United States ten dollar bill ($10) is the addition of subtle background colors of orange, yellow and red. The words We the People from the United States Constitution have been printed in red in the background to the right of the portrait. Also, small yellow 10s have been printed in the background to the left of the portrait on the front of the bill and to the right of the vignette on the back of the bill. The background colors add complexity to the bills and differ with each denomination to help distinguish them. Because color can be duplicated by potential counterfeiters, it should not be used to verify the authenticity of the bill.

Low-Vision Feature

United States ten dollar Low-Vision Feature

The numeral 10 in the lower corner on the back of the bill is enlarged to help those with visual impairments distinguish the denomination.


United States ten dollar Microprinting

Because they are so small, microprinted words are hard to replicate. The redesigned 10 dollar bill features microprinting on the front of the bill in three areas: the word USA and the numeral 10 can be found repeated beneath the large printed torch and the words THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and TEN DOLLARS can be found below the portrait, as well as vertically inside the left and right borders of the bill.

Federal Reserve Indicators

United States ten dollar Federal Reserve Indicators

A universal seal to the left of the portrait represents the entire Federal Reserve System. A letter and number beneath the left serial number identifies the issuing Federal Reserve Bank. There are 12 regional Federal Reserve Banks and 24 branches located in major cities throughout the United States.

Serial Numbers

United States ten dollar Serial Numbers The unique combination of eleven numbers and letters appears twice on the front of the bill. On the redesigned United States ten dollar bill ($10), the left serial number has shifted slightly to the right, compared with previous designs. Because they are unique identifiers, serial numbers help law enforcement identify counterfeit notes, and they also help the Bureau of Engraving and Printing track quality standards for the notes they produce.

(info for older series of US Dollars click

Go to mobile version


Currency index

  Australian dollar | Canadian dollar
  Chinese Yuan/ Renminbi | Swiss franc
  Euro | Pound Sterling | Indian rupee
  Japanese yen | Turkish lira
  United States Dollar

We use cookies to assist you and show advertisements relevant to you. More info here.